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12 February 2020Four inventions which changed the history of art
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Four inventions which changed the history of art Harry Fletcher Wednesday 12 February 2020

The invention of the camera from around 1835 meant that artists were no longer required to record nature and life in every detail. Post photography, we no longer ask "What does this picture represent?" but "What does it make us feel?". Monet had four cameras, Degas was fascinated by photography, and the first 1874 exhibition of the Batignole group (the Impressionists) was in an old photographic studio belonging to Felix Nadar.  Impressionism would not have been possible without the invention of the collapsible paint tube in 1841, by which invention, paint could be kept fresh for much longer periods.  In addition paint manufacturers encouraged chemists to explore artifical ways of creating new colours for these tubes. Painting techniques were also changed by the ability to create large flat brushes.  During this lecture, the speaker will show how these various inventions caused the subject matter, the location of paintings and the techniques used to change from the 1850s onwards.  Modern art developed as a result.